CEC4Europe Factbook

The Factbook is an ongoing, growing project delivering fact-based information for decision makers and the wide public interested in the science of Circular Economy.

  1. Why a circular economy?
    1. The EU Circular Economy Package and the Circular Economy Coalition for Europe
    2. EU Flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe COM(2011)121
    3. EU Raw materials initiative COM(2011)25
    4. Circular Economy 3.0 getting beyond the messy conceptualization of circularity and the 3R’s, 4 R’s and more
  2. Circular Economy: Selected issues
    1. Striving for efficiency: Optimum vs. maximum recycling targets
    2. The economics of recycling revisited: ‘less might be more’
    3. Growing stocks vs. „Zero waste“
    4. Critical factor time – Dynamic visualisation of municipal waste management performance in the EU using the RIL-Ternary Diagram Method
    5. Current potential of a circular economy with respect to the reduction of primary raw material demand
      1. Dissipative structure/streams
    6. A growing potential: Anthropogenic stocks
      1. Urban Mining (incl. Prospection, exploration, evaluation and classification)
      2. Landfil Mining (incl. Prospection, exploration, evaluation and classification)
    7. Integrated assessment of anthropogenic stocks and flows
      1. Resource quality and recycling
      2. Energy recovery
      3. Circular economy requires both hazardous substances and final sinks
      4. Future wastes and futures challenges
      5. Ecological indicators
      6. Data uncertainty and consequences for decision making
  3. Selected material stocks and flows
    1. Selected material stocks and flows – the case of aluminium
    2. Non-metallic minerals
    3.  Rare earth elements & high tech products
    4. Carbon-based materials
    5. Post consumer wastes and packaging wastes
    6. Potentials and limitations of the circular economy with regard to three exemplary material flows (tyres, rotor blades for wind)
    7. Textile Waste
    8. From analysis to decision making: The example of phosphorus
    9. Food waste
  4. Strategies and Instruments
    1. Prioritisation
    2. Developing the data base
    3. Supply and demand
    4. Towards a fair allocation of raw material use for indicators of resource efficiency
    5. Resource efficiency
    6. Circular Economy Sustainability Implications and corporate management challenges
    7. A Circular Economy in Europe – Policies and Priorities
    8. Exploring and evaluating business showcases from the circular economy industry platform
    9. Re-loading extended producer responsibility
    10. A strategic circular economy portfolio
  5. Window of opportunity
    1. What CEC4Europe can offer
    2. Who we are
  6. Contributors
  7. Contact